Grand Lodges and Grand Orients are free and sovereign bodies that administer Masonry in a given nation, state, or topographical zone (named a Jurisdiction). There is no single overall overseeing body that manages worldwide Freemasonry; associations between various Jurisdiction rely exclusively upon common acknowledgment.
Freemasonry, as it exists in different structures everywhere throughout the world, has a participation assessed by the United Grand Lodge of England at around 6 million worldwide. The club is officially sorted out into autonomous Grand Lodges (or now and then Grand Orients), every one of which oversees its own Masonic Jurisdiction, which comprises of subordinate (or constituent) Lodges. The biggest single Jurisdiction, as far as participation, is the United Grand Lodge of England (with an enrolment evaluated at around a quarter million). The Grand Lodge of Scotland and Grand Lodge of Ireland (taken together) have roughly 150,000 individuals. In the US, complete enrolment is just shy of 2 million.
Acknowledgment, friendship and normality
Relations between Grand Lodges are controlled by the idea of Acknowledgment. Every Grand Lodge keeps up a rundown of other Grand Lodges that it perceives. At the point when two Grand Lodges perceive and are in Masonic correspondence with one another, they are supposed to be in harmony, and the brethren of each may visit each other’s Lodges and connect Masonically. At the point when two Grand Lodges are not in harmony, between appearance isn’t permitted. There are numerous reasons one Grand Lodge will retain or pull back acknowledgment from another, yet the two most normal are Exclusive Jurisdiction and Regularity.
Exclusive Jurisdiction is an idea whereby regularly just a single Grand Lodge will be perceived in any geological territory. In the event that two Grand Lodges guarantee Jurisdiction over a similar zone, the other Grand Lodges should pick among them, and they may not all choose to perceive a similar one. (In 1849, for instance, the Grand Lodge of New York split into two adversary groups, each professing to be the real Grand Lodge. Other Grand Lodges needed to pick between them until the break was healed. Exclusive Jurisdiction can be postponed when the two covering Grand Lodges are themselves in Harmony and consent to share Jurisdiction (for instance, since the Grand Lodge of Connecticut is in Friendship with the Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Connecticut, the standard of Exclusive Jurisdiction doesn’t have any significant bearing, and other Grand Lodges may perceive both, in like manner the five particular sorts of lodges in Germany have ostensibly joined under one Grand Lodge, so as to acquire universal acknowledgment.